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The eleventh century to the fourteenth century, Languedoc was the land of Catharism. This is a heretical church organized with a hierarchy, doctrine and rites opposed to Catholicism and its derivatives.
Traditionally gives two sources for this name, one Greek "catharos" meaning "pure" (catharsis = purification), another Latin "cattus" cat meant a humiliating heretics, worshipers cat. Albi is the name that refers to starting their followers who had taken refuge in Albi to Albi or simply because the people rescued some heretics stake. Catholic Inquisition and used the generic term heretic (heresy comes from the Greek hairesis=choice ). The Cathars called them apostles, Christians or Christian faithful and called them "good Christian" or "fellows" or "good-men" or "good-women" (the Cathar religion gave a similar role the woman and the man for the exercise of preaching and observance).
The crackdown in the twelfth century profoundly marked the history of Languedoc. Indeed, after the crusade against the Cathars, the Languedoc was attached to the kingdom of France. The Cathar Church has managed for 70 years to take shape before disappearing at the hands of the Inquisition and the Crusades led by the kings of France and the Church. The Cathar clergy formed perfect. They are most often recruited from the middle of the craft and textile trade. Prayer meetings or public confessions with great success. Women are not excluded that based on their own communities perfect. And all this under the protection of nobles such as Roger Trencavels viscount of Beziers and Carcassonne, Raymond Roger, Count of Foix.

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